Sibel Korkmaz

Abstract

Most research on Youth Intimate Partner Violence (YIPV) has focused on prevalence rates and associated factors. Less attention has been given to how victimization manifests itself in young women’s lives. The aim of this paper is to further our understanding of the dynamics of violence and abuse by investigating the contextual, situational, and relational aspects of IPV among young women. We specifically ask what meanings are attributed to the abuse and what role digital media plays. Finally, to develop our understanding, we apply Johnson’s typology of violence.Semi-structured interviews were performed with 33 young women from Norway and Sweden, aged 15 to 23 years old, who had all experienced some form of IPV in a heterosexual relationship. The analysis included both thematic and narrative analysis.Victimization was characterized by six overarching themes: control, humiliation, fear, sexual coercion, secrecy, and resistance. Meanings attributed to the violence include relating it to the couple’s youth and the male partner’s personal issues. Digital media played a central role in the victimization, but also in the women’s resistance and protection. Applying Johnson’s typology suggests that the violence can be understood as patriarchal terrorism.It is crucial that young people’s intimate lives, in all their complexities, are acknowledged, if IPV prevention and intervention is to succeed. Researchers need to design their studies to include contextual, situational, and relational aspects. Failing to do so might result in a view of YIPV as isolated instances of conflict, overlooking its often pervasive and severe nature.

Keywords: Youth intimate partner violence, patriarchal terrorism, resilience, control, young women

Øverlien, C., Hellevik, P.M. & Korkmaz, S. (2019). Young Women’s Experiences of Intimate Partner Violence – Narratives of Control, Terror, and Resistance. Journal of Family Violence. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10896-019-00120-9